NORTH READING, MA — The North Reading Board of Health is investigating several complaints from the Massachusetts Department of Public Health regarding a possible salmonella outbreak at Kitty’s Restaurant.On July 3, 2018, the North Reading Board of Health received complaints from the Massachusetts Department of Public Health about a salmonella outbreak that was believed to have occurred at Kitty’s Restaurant on June 23, 2018. Thirty nine people filed a complaint with the Massachusetts Department of Public Health. Of those complaints, there were nine confirmed cases of salmonella, and an additional thirty suspected illness of salmonella.The food suspected to be contaminated was narrowed down to the antipasto salad. The Board of Health conducted its initial investigation on July 3, 2018, working with the restaurant owners to try to determine how the food was contaminated. The investigation included determining the source of the food, how the food was prepared, who prepared it, how it was served, and who it was served to.On July 5, 2018, after receiving additional information regarding potential illnesses associated with visits on June 25th, the Board of Health recommended that Kitty’s management close the restaurant in order to conduct a full cleaning and sanitization of the building. The Board of Health, working with the State Division of Epidemiology and Immunization, also provided information and guidance to Kitty’s management to test forty six employees who may have been working during the outbreak. All tested employees must be cleared by the Massachusetts Department of Public Health before being able to return to work.On July 6, 2018, Kitty’s was allowed to re-open after the facility received a comprehensive cleaning under the direction and guidance of the North Reading Board of Health.Then due to additional information received by the Health Department, Kitty’s Restaurant was ordered closed again until further notice while the Health Department continues an investigation relative to food borne illness.The North Reading Health Department will continue to work closely with the Massachusetts Department of Public Health and the Division of Epidemiology and Immunization on this matter.If anyone has any questions or concerns relating to this matter, please contact the North Reading Board of Health at 978-357-5242.(NOTE: The above information is from the North Reading Board of Health.)Like Wilmington Apple on Facebook. Follow Wilmington Apple on Twitter. Follow Wilmington Apple on Instagram. Subscribe to Wilmington Apple’s daily email newsletter HERE. Got a comment, question, photo, press release, or news tip? Email email@example.com.Share this:TwitterFacebookLike this:Like Loading… Related5 Things To Do In Wilmington On Tuesday, August 6, 2019In “5 Things To Do Today”COMING TO THE SHRINERS: Antique Fire Engines Show On June 22In “Community”RMLD Cuts Ribbon For New Battery Energy Storage SystemIn “Government”
As part of its 150th anniversary, Hosanna School Museum will hold a Juneteenth celebration festival June 17, from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. at the museum. The festival is open to the public and free of charge. Juneteenth is a nationally recognized day that commemorates the ending of slavery in the United States and celebrates African American history and culture. For more information go to hosannaschoolmuseum.org.
An artist’s rendition of a Haast’s eagle attacking moa. Credit: John Megahan – Ancient DNA Tells Story of Giant Eagle Evolution. PLoS Biol 3(1): e20. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0030020.g001 (Phys.org)—A small team of researchers from Flinders University, Centro de Investigaciones en Ciencias de la Tierra and the South Australian Museum has found evidence that suggests large flightless birds that once lived in Australia, Europe and North America were related to one another. In their paper published in Royal Society Open Science, the group describes using a variety of techniques to study the ancient birds and offers a theory on how birds that were unable to fly were related to other birds that could not fly such a great distance. Explore further Dromornithidae were a type of very large flightless bird (much bigger than today’s ostriches) that lived in what is now Australia approximately 50,000 years ago. Gastornithidae were similar to birds that once lived in parts of North America and Europe. The researchers with this new effort have found that the two bird types were related and that both were also related to modern fowl, rather than ratite, which include ostriches, emu and the extinct moa. The birds and their modern cousins all belong to the group known as galloanseres, which includes ducks, geese and chickens. Fossil remains of Dromornithidae suggest they did not resemble modern fowl—they could not fly, stood taller than modern humans and weighed on average 650 kilograms.Prior research has shown that ancestors of Dromornithidae first appeared approximately 50 million years ago. The researchers with this new effort used both heuristic guides and tip-dated Bayesian approaches in their analysis of the birds and their possible relatives to link them together. They noted also that both bird types evolved to gigantism while existing on a purely vegetarian diet, as do modern fowl. They suggest that they evolved from a common bird that was able to fly, which explains how they could have evolved so far apart. This theory is similar to that proposed for ratites to explain their distant evolutionary history.The researchers also concluded that vegavis, an extinct bird that once lived in what is now Antarctica was not related to modern fowl and neither was Brontornis, an extinct flightless bird that lived in what is now South America. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. More information: Trevor H. Worthy et al. The evolution of giant flightless birds and novel phylogenetic relationships for extinct fowl (Aves, Galloanseres), Royal Society Open Science (2017). DOI: 10.1098/rsos.170975AbstractThe extinct dromornithids, gastornithids and phorusrhacids are among the most spectacular birds to have ever lived, with some giants exceeding 500 kg. The affinities and evolution of these and other related extinct birds remain contentious, with previous phylogenetic analyses being affected by widespread convergence and limited taxon sampling. We address these problems using both parsimony and tip-dated Bayesian approaches on an expansive taxon set that includes all key extinct flightless and flighted (e.g. Vegavis and lithornithids) forms, an extensive array of extant fowl (Galloanseres), representative Neoaves and palaeognaths. The Paleogene volant Lithornithidae are recovered as stem palaeognaths in the Bayesian analyses. The Galloanseres comprise four clades inferred to have diverged in the Late Cretaceous on Gondwana. In addition to Anseriformes and Galliformes, we recognize a robust new clade (Gastornithiformes) for the giant flightless Dromornithidae (Australia) and Gastornithidae (Eurasia, North America). This clade exhibits parallels to ratite palaeognaths in that flight presumably was lost and giant size attained multiple times. A fourth clade is represented by the Cretaceous Vegavis (Antarctica), which was strongly excluded from Anseriformes; thus, a crucial molecular calibration point needs to be reconsidered. The presbyornithids Wilaru (Australia) and Presbyornis (Northern Hemisphere) are robustly found to be the sister group to Anatoidea (Anseranatidae + Anatidae), a relatively more basal position than hitherto recognized. South America’s largest bird, Brontornis, is not a galloansere, but a member of Neoaves related to Cariamiformes; therefore, giant Galloanseres remain unknown from this continent. Trait analyses showed that while gigantism and flightlessness evolved repeatedly in groups, diet is constrained by phylogeny: all giant Galloanseres and palaeognaths are herbivores or mainly herbivorous, and giant neoavians are zoophagous or omnivorous. Journal information: Royal Society Open Science Citation: Large ancient flightless birds from Australia, Europe and North America found to be related (2017, October 11) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2017-10-large-ancient-flightless-birds-australia.html © 2017 Phys.org Fossils from ancient extinct giant flightless goose suggests it was a fighter